Water Softeners Information

WHOLE HOUSE WATER SOFTENERS

The typical water softener is a mechanical appliance that's plumbed into your home's water supply system. All water softeners use the same operating principle: They trade the minerals for something else, in most cases sodium. The process is called ion exchange.

The heart of a water softener is a mineral tank. It's filled with small polystyrene beads, also known as resin or zeolite. The beads carry a negative charge. Calcium and magnesium in water both carry positive charges. This means that these minerals will cling to the beads as the hard water passes through the mineral tank. Sodium ions also have positive charges, albeit not as strong as the charge on the calcium and magnesium. In the traditional water softeners, when a very strong brine solution is flushed through a tank that has beads already saturated with calcium and magnesium, the sheer volume of the sodium ions is enough to drive the calcium and magnesium ions off the beads. Water softeners have a separate brine tank that uses common salt to create this brine solution.

In normal operation, hard water moves into the mineral tank and the calcium and magnesium ions move to the beads, replacing sodium ions. The sodium ions go into the water. Once the beads are saturated with calcium and magnesium, the unit enters a 3-phase regenerating cycle. First, the backwash phase reverses water flow to flush dirt out of the tank. In the recharge phase, the concentrated sodium-rich salt solution is carried from the brine tank through the mineral tank. The sodium collects on the beads, replacing the calcium and magnesium, which go down the drain. Once this phase is over, the mineral tank is flushed of excess brine and the brine tank is refilled.

how a water softener works - cycles.

Sizing Your Softener:

Water hardness can be reported in "grains per gallon" (gpg), "parts per million" (ppm) or "milligrams per liter" (mg/l). Most of the industry calculates softener size using gpg. You can divide ppm and mg/l by 17.1 to obtain your hardness value in grains per gallon.

You will also need to account for the iron and manganese in your water, and a quick way to get this value is to multiply your iron and manganese concentration (in ppm or mg/l) by a factor of 4. Add this number to the hardness value you determined above. The resulting total value is similar to a "compensated" hardness value, and will better serve to size your softener.

In the example below we will use 4 people in the home and a hardness value of 10 grains per gallon, and iron concentration of 2 ppm.

Multiply 4 people in the home x 75 gallons water usage per person per day x (10 grains hardness + (2 ppm iron x 4)) = 5,400 grains of hardness to be removed per day. So with a 32,000 grain system, set capacity would be about 26,000 grains (20% lower than actual - reserve capacity), and a metered unit would regenerate approximately every 5 days (26,000 divided by 5,400), which is acceptable.

Use the formula above to adjust for the number of people actually living in your home, and your specific water hardness.

With normal to low levels of iron in your water, you can size your softener to regenerate between every 5 to 10 days. With higher levels of iron (5 mg/l and higher) and manganese (1 mg/l and higher), it's better to size a system to regenerate more frequently, in order to keep the resin bed free of accumulated deposits. In this case, a regeneration every three to five days may be required. If you have very high iron levels in your water, please contact us by email or telephone for a sizing recommendation.

Residential Water Softener

This includes the following:

10 x 54 Mineral Tank (Almond,Black or Blue)  

Distribution tube

Fleck SXT 5600 Control Valve

Cation Water Softening Media 

Optional Stainless Steel Cover $99.00

Available in the Following Sizes

32k Grain 
40k Grain 
48k Grain 

Residential Water Softener Filter System. Dual Purpose System Eliminates Need for a Carbon Filter

A total whole house filtration and softener unit! KDF Mediaguard is mounted between the control valve and the tank. Mediaguard with KDF 55 medium is truly an economic pretreatment unit which is able to turn your water softener into a high performance water purification system by reducing or removing chlorine, heavy metals, and inhibits bacteria growth from water without adding chemicals. KDF 55 ELIMINATES THE NEED FOR A CARBON FILTER. You get the benefit of two systems in one.

This System includes the following:

10 x 54 Mineral Tank (Almond,Black or Blue)  

Distribution tube

Fleck 5800 Digital Control Valve

KDF 55 Media Guard

Cation Water Softening Media 

Optional Stainless Steel Cover $99.00

Available in the Following Sizes

32k Grain 
40k Grain 
48k Grain 

 

Filtersorb Salt Free Descaler

How Filtersorb SP Media Prevents Scale

Filtersorb SP media has all of the scale prevention advantages of an ion exchanger, for example the amount of soap and detergents needed is smaller. There are less spots on dishes, bathroom tiles, etc. Any lime spots left are easily wiped away. Filtersorb SP reliably transforms the calcium and magnesium carbonate ions into neutral calcium and magnesium crystals. These crystals are stable and cannot attach to surfaces, hardware, etc. The crystals are rinsed away by water flow. The size of the calcium and magnesium bonds is in the range of nanometers and so small that they can only be seen with a microscope. Therefore the effect is the same as if the water was completely free of hardness.

Several years of tests showed that the neutral calcium and magnesium crystals cannot attach to any kind of surface and the result is 100% scale prevention. Also other ions can no longer attach to surfaces because of the structure of the surface created by Filtersorb SP.

The Filtersorb SP media also has a descaling effect on scale already present in old pipes, plumbing fixtures, etc. The water coming from the Filtersorb SP water conditioner is neutral calcium and magnesium crystal clusters and free of negative calcium and magnesium ions. Negative calcium and magnesium ions in the already existing scale are attracted to the neutral calcium and magnesium clusters formed in the Filtersorb SP water conditioner and add on to the Filtersorb SP crystal clusters that are now floating in the water from the SP water conditioner. This way, existing scale is usually reduced or eliminated within 1 to 2 months

Filtersorb SP media technology prevents all of the negative effects of temporary hardness while allowing for the positive health effects to remain. The system is maintenance free, chemical free, salt free and does not require mechanical regeneration or backwashing.

This kit includes the following:

4 Liter 8x48"   6 Liter 10x54" Media Tank.

Filtersorb Media according to size

Distribution tube

In/Out Valve

Bypass Assembly.

The stainless steel jacket is optional

Manufacturer's Information.

 

How to Rebuild a Water Softener.

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